Friday, April 20, 2012

IRMA 2011 Analysis

IRMA 2011 had four sections like the previous years’ question papers.

IRMA maintained the paper structure with respect to number of sections and questions but the level of difficulty has gone up noticeably. There were quite a few surprises in types of questions.

English Comprehension – This year IRMA stressed on questions based on inferences. The section had 40 questions. There was one RC Passage (Rational thinking in politics) with only 4 questions from Vocabulary (2 Synonyms, 2 Antonyms). There were 10 questions of sentence correction with questions on articles, tenses, superlatives etc. IRMA threw a surprise with a new question type where the students were asked to select probable paraphrases of given sentences. (There were three sentences given which were to be combined into a single sentence. Five different ways of paraphrasing the given sentences were given. Each option was an introductory phrase, not a complete sentence. Students had to infer which sentence fragment is viable.) Like last year there was a cloze test with 10 blanks and very easy options.
Topic Number of Questions Difficulty Level
RC Passage on “Rational thinking in politics”  (including 4 questions on synonyms/antonyms, 1 question on title). 15 Moderate
Sentence correction 10 Moderate
Paraphrase 15 Difficult
Cloze Test 10 Easy

Quantitative Ability - This section came as a huge surprise as there were very few questions from quantitative ability. Most of the questions were of Data Interpretation. There were quite a few questions with one option as ‘none of these’. This compelled students to solve the questions entirely rather than rely on approximations. Most of the DI sets were calculation based.
Topic Brief Description Number of Questions Difficulty Level
Data Interpretation  3 sets (table based), 1set on double pie chart, 1 set on vertical bar graph, 1 set on horizontal bar graph, 1 set on combination of pie chart and bar graph, 1 set on line chart 40 (8 sets with 5 questions in each set) Moderate-Tough
Quantitative Ability 1 set of 3 questions on probability, 1 set of 2 questions on percentages and fractions. 5 Easy
Data-Sufficiency 5 individual questions (Age, PLD, TSD, Quadratic equations, Geometry) 5 Easy-Moderate

Analytical Reasoning – This section was tough as compared to previous years. There was a new kind of set where students were asked to select statements containing data as answers to given questions.
Topic Number of Questions Difficulty Level
Sitting arrangement (2 sets) 12(7+5) Tough
Data Sufficiency (reasoning based – blood relations, directions etc.) 5 Easy
Statement – conclusion (syllogism) 6 Moderate
Logical Reasoning Set 7 Tough
Coding-Decoding 5 Easy
Linear Arrangement (Alphabet based) 4 Easy
Odd word/letter out 5 Easy
Formation of meaningful word 1 Moderate
Logical reasoning set based on sentence inferences 5 Moderate

Issues of Social Concern – The section had questions that were of primarily easy to moderate difficulty level. Only a few questions in this section were tough. Most of the questions asked were from development programs, agricultural organizations, personalities, economy, awards and environmental issues. 
Topic Number of Questions Difficulty Level
Agricultural and Rural development 17 Moderate
Economy (Rural economy) 18 Moderate-Tough
Organizations 8 Moderate
Personalities, awards and important days 8 Easy-Moderate
Misc 9 Moderate

Estimated Cut – Off Marks (IRMA 2011)
Section Marks Expected Cut off
English Comprehension 40 14-16
Quantitative Ability 50 18-20
Analytical Reasoning 50 15-18
Issues of Social Concern 60 20-22
Overall 200 80-85